Italian measures for Covid-19 8th—11th March 2020

Decree of the president of the Council of Ministers 9 March 2020

Decree of the president of the Council of Ministers 11 March 2020

[By google translate]

9th March 

DECRETO DEL PRESIDENTE DEL CONSIGLIO DEI MINISTRI 9 marzo 2020

Given the law of 23 August 1988, n. 400;
Given the decree-law of 23 February 2020, n. 6, containing “measures
Urgent for the containment and management of the emergency
Epidemiological from COVID-19″ and, in particular, art. 3;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 23
February 2020, containing «Implementing provisions of the decree-law of 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 45 of 23 February 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 25
February 2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the
decree-law of 23 February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures
regarding the containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from
COVID-19 “, published in the Official Journal n. 47 of 25 February
2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 1 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 52 of 1 March 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 4 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19,
applicable on the whole national territory “, published in
the Official Journal n. 55 of March 4, 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 8 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 59 of March 8, 2020;
Considering that the World Health Organization on30
January, 2020 declared the COVID-19 epidemic an emergency of
public health of international importance;
Given the resolution of the Council of Ministers of 31 January 2020,
with which the state of emergency was declared for six months
on the national territory relating to the health risk associated with the
onset of diseases deriving from transmissible viral agents;
Considering the evolution of the epidemiological situation, the
particularly widespread nature of the epidemic and the increase in
cases on the national territory;
It was deemed necessary to extend the
measures already provided for by art. 1 of the Prime’s decree of
Minister8 March 2020;
Considering, moreover, that the supranational dimensions of the phenomenon
Epidemic and the interest of several areas on the national territory
make necessary measures aimed at guaranteeing uniformity
in the implementation of the prophylaxis programs developed at
international and European level;
On a proposal from the Minister of Health, after consulting the Ministersthe
ofInterior, Defense, the Economy and Finance, as well as the
Ministers of Education, Justice, Infrastructure and
Transport, University and Research, agricultural policies
food and forestry, cultural goods and activities and
tourism, labor and social policies, for the public
administration, for youth policies and sports and for
regional affairs and autonomy, as well as after hearing the President of the
Conference of Presidents of the Regions;

Decrees: 

Art. 1 

Urgent measures to contain the contagion on the whole national territory 

  1. In order to counter and contain the spread of the virus,
    COVID-19the measures referred to in art. 1 of the Prime’s decree of
    Minister8 March 2020 are extended to the whole territory
    national.
  2. All forms of prohibited on the whole national territory
    gathering of people in public places or places open to the public are.
  3. Letter d) of art. 1 decree of the President of the Council
    of Ministers of 8 March 2020 is replaced by the following:
    «d) sporting events and competitions of allare suspended
    types and disciplines, in public or private places. Thefacilities
    sportscan be used, behind closed doors, only for sessions of
    Training professional and non-professional athletes,
    recognized as being of national interest by theNational Olympic Committee
    Italian(CONI) and by their respective federations, in view of their
    participation in the Olympic Games or national and
    international events; remains only allowed the holding
    Of events and sports competitions organized by bodies
    international sports within sports facilities used
    behind closed doors, which open without the presence of the public; in
    all such cases, the associations and sports clubs, by means of
    their medical staff, are required to carry out the checks
    Appropriate to contain the risk of spreading the COVID-19 virus among
    athletes, technicians, managers and all attendants who
    participate; sport and motor activities carried out outdoors are
    allowed only on condition that it is possible to
    respect the interpersonal distance of one meter; “.

10th March 2020 Press Release

Covid-19, the #Iorestoacasa decree in the Official Journal

All of Italy becomes a protected area. With the latest dpcm signed on the evening of March 9 by the President of the Council of Ministers, Giuseppe Conte, the restrictive measures already applied for Lombardy and the 14 northern provinces most affected by the coronavirus are extended to the whole national territory. The new provision comes into force on March 10 and will take effect until April 3.
Move only if necessary
You can leave the house only for work needs, health reasons and needs. If required, these needs must be attested by self-declaration, which can also be made sitting immediately by filling in forms provided by the police force or downloaded from the Internet. A false declaration is a crime.
Download the new self-certification form of the Ministry of the Interior updated to the Dpcm 9 March.
Read the directive of the Minister of the Interior to the Prefects.
Prohibition of gathering
All forms of gathering of people in public places or places open to the public are forbidden on the whole national territory.
Restaurants and bars closed at 6 pm Restaurant and bar
activities are allowed from 6 to 18, with the obligation of the manager to guarantee compliance with the interpersonal distance of at least one meter.
Shopping centers closed on weekends (except pharmacies, parapharmacies and food)
Closed shopping malls and markets on holidays and on holidays. On weekdays, the manager of the business must ensure compliance with the interpersonal safety distance of one meter. The closure is not available for pharmacies, parapharmacies and food outlets (which in any case must guarantee a distance of one meter between people)
Sports events and competitions

Sports are suspended events and competitions of all orders and disciplines are suspended, in public places or private. Only those organized by international sports organizations, inside closed-door systems or outdoors without the presence of the public, are permitted.
Training for athletes behind closed doors
Sports facilities can be used, behind closed doors, only for training sessions of professional and non-professional athletes, recognized as being of national interest by the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI) and by their respective federations, in view their participation in the Olympic games or national and international events.
Stop to gyms, swimming pools, spas and leisure centers
The activities of gyms, sports centers, swimming pools, swimming centers, wellness centers, spas (except for the provision of services falling within the essential assistance levels), cultural centers, are suspended social centers, recreation centers.

11 March 2020

DECRETO DEL PRESIDENTE DEL CONSIGLIO DEI MINISTRI 11 marzo 2020

Given the law of 23 August 1988, n. 400;
Given the decree-law of 23 February 2020, n. 6, containing “measures
Urgent for the containment and management of the emergency
Epidemiological from COVID-19″ and, in particular, art. 3;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 23
February 2020, containing «Implementing provisions of the decree-law of 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 45 of 23 February 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 25
February 2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the
decree-law of 23 February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures
regarding the containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from
COVID-19 “, published in the Official Journal n. 47 of 25 February
2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 1 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 52 of 1 March 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 4 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19,
applicable on the whole national territory “, published in
the Official Journal n. 55 of March 4, 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 8 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19 “,
published in the Official Journal n. 59 of March 8, 2020;
Having regard to the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers 9 March
2020, containing «Further implementing provisions of the decree-law 23
February 2020, n. 6, containing urgent measures regarding the
containment and management of the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19,
applicable on the entire national territory published in
the Official Journal n. 62 of 9 March 2020 “;
Considering that the World Health Organization on30
January, 2020 declared the COVID-19 epidemic an emergency
international public health;
Given the resolution of the Council of Ministers of 31 January 2020,
with which the state of emergency was declared for six months
on the national territory relating to the health risk associated with the
onset of diseases deriving from transmissible viral agents;
Considering the evolution of the epidemiological situation, the
particularly widespread nature of the epidemic and the increase in
cases on the national territory;
It was deemed necessary to adopton the entire national territory
further measures regarding the containment and management of the emergency
Epidemiological from COVID-19;
Considering, moreover, that the supranational dimensions of the phenomenon
Epidemic and the interest of several areas on the national territory
make necessary measures aimed at guaranteeing uniformity
in the implementation of the prophylaxis programs developed at
international and European level;
On a proposal from the Minister of Health, after consulting the Ministersthe
ofInterior, Defense, Economy and Finance, as well as the
Ministers of Infrastructure and Transport,Development
Economic, Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, Goods
and Activities cultural and tourism, labor and
social policies, for the public administration, and for affairs
Regional and autonomies, as well as after hearing the President of the
Conference of Presidents of the Regions;

Decrees: 

Art. 1 

Urgent measures to contain the contagion on the whole territory national

In order to counter and contain the spread of the virus
COVID-19, the following are adopted throughout the national territory
measures:
1) Retail commercial activities are suspended,
except for the sale of food and first
needs identified in Annex 1, both in the context of
neighborhood businesses, and in the medium and
large-scale distribution, also included in shopping centers,
provided that access is permitted only to the aforementioned activities.are
Regardless of the type of activity carried out, the closed, with the
Markets exception of activities directed to the sale of only
food. Newsagents, tobacconists, pharmacies and remain open
parapharmacies. In any case, the distance must be guaranteed
interpersonal safety of one meter.
2) The activities of catering services (including) are suspended
bars, pubs, restaurants, ice cream shops, patisseries, with the exception of
canteens and continuous catering on a contractual basis, which
guarantee the interpersonal safety distance of one meter.
Only catering with home delivery in permitted
compliance with hygiene and health standards is for both
packaging and transport activities. The
food and drink administration establishments located in the areas
service and refueling located along the road,
motorway and railway, airport,stations
lake and hospital and hospitals are also open, guaranteeing the safety distance
Interpersonal of a meter.
3) Activities relating to personal services (are suspended
including hairdressers, barbers, beauticians) other than those identified
in Annex 2.
4)remain guaranteed, in compliance with standards.
Banking, financial and insurance services hygiene and health
as well as the activities of the agricultural, livestock and sector,
agro-food processing including the supply chains that supply
goods and services.
5) The President of the Region with ordinance pursuant to art. 3,
paragraph 2, of the decree-law 23 February 2020 n. 6, can arrange the
programming of the service provided by transport companies
local public, even if not scheduled, aimed at reducing and
eliminating services in relation to the health interventions
necessary to contain the coronavirus emergency on the basis of
actual needs and only in order to ensure the minimum services
essential. The Minister of Infrastructure and Transport, in
agreement with the Minister of Health, can arrange, with the aim of
limiting the coronavirus emergency, scheduling with
reduction and suppression of interregional automotive services and
rail, air and sea transport, based on
actual needs and for the sole purpose of ensuring the minimum services
essential.
6) Without prejudice to the provisions of art. 1, paragraph 1, letter
e), of the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 8
March 2020 and without prejudice to the activities strictly functional to the
management of the emergency, the public administrations ensure the
ordinary performance of the work services inform
Agile of its employees, also by way of derogation from agreements
Individual and disclosure obligations pursuant to articles 18 to
23 of law no. 81 and identify the activities that cannot be
postponed.
7) With regard to production activities and activities, it
Professional is recommended that:
a) maximum use is made by companies in
agile work mode for the activities that can be carried out
at home or in modality to distance;
b) holidays and paid leave for are incentivized
employees as well as other instruments provided for in
collective bargaining;
c) the activities of the company departments notare suspended
indispensable for production;
d) adopt anti-contagion safety protocols and, where
it is not possible to respect the interpersonal distance of one meter
as the main containment measure, with the adoption of tools
individual protection;
e) the sanitation of the is encouraged safety nets
workplace, also by using forms of for this purpose
social;
8) for production activities only, it is also recommended that
movements within the sites are limited andis limited
access to common areas;
9) in relation to the provisions of numbers 7 and 8, they
favor, limited to productive activities, agreements between
employers’ and trade union organizations.
10) For all non-suspended activities, maximum
use of agile working methods is recommended.

UK Chief Scientific Advisor 13th March 2020 Quotes

BBC Radio 4 Today program 13th March 2020 time index = 2h:11m:40s — 2h:22m

nb these are summarised retypings, not exact transcripts

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/m000g4fk
(available at https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p086jfg5 which starts 2 minutes earlier.)

Q: Could we start with sports events. What’s your reasoning for thinking at the moment they should go ahead?

A:Our reasoning is based on which interventions will pull down the peak and broaden it. 

The biggest effect is the measure announced yesterday: If everyone with a fever or a new persistent cough stays at home for a week and should reduce the peak by 20%.

The 2nd measure is home isolation for entire househould if one person is ill.

In terms of protecting the vulnerable, and this is the one that is really critical, that needs to be done when you have transmission in the country at a level where they are at risk. So those are the key things.

Stopping mass gatherings is eye-catching but they are very much more minor (which is not to say that we will not do it). You are much more likely to catch in a small space from someone you know. I think it is more likely that there will be transmission in pubs where people are aggregating to watch a sporting maatch than in the stadium itsekf.

At the moment, the things that people should do are to stay at home, for a week, if they have symptoms. I completely agree with Jeremy Hunt’s point that we must really look after care homes and get that right.

Q: “Your wider thinking: Serious people look at Wuhan, Hong Kong, Singapore and look at the very drastic action they have taken and the falloff that has followed. Why is that not the model for us?”

A: UK is in close contact with Singapore team, they have done selective school closure where they had cases, not general closure. The measures we have just taken are actually quite extreme and other measures may come into play. One of the things we need to do is monitor this outbreak very carefully and react in advance of things, but not just go for things because they seem instantly attractive.

Q: Is your fear that those actions taken in other places, may lead to covid19 coming back more aggressively in the Autumn?

A: That is exactly the risk that we see from previous epidemics, that if you suppress something very very hard when you release those measures it bounces back, and it bounces back at the wrong time. So our aim is to try and reduce the peak, broaden the peak, not to suppress it completely also because most people get a mild illness to build up some degree of herd immunity as well, so that more people are immune to this disease and we reduce the transmissions at the same time we protect those who are most vulnerable from it. Those are the key things we need to do.

Q: So that is quite fascinating the herd immunity idea. In many respects it would be a good thing would it for the disease to be spread quite widely now would it rather than later?

A: What we don’t want is for everyone to get it in a small amount of time so that we swamp and overwhelm NHS services. So that is the flattening of the peak—you can’t stop it—so you should end up with a broader peak, during which time you would anticipate that more people would get immunity and that becomes part of the protective process.

This is likely to become annual.
… [discussion on future years]…

Q: Will you publish more of your models and data?
A: Yes. This is a collective scientific effort we need all of the input we can get to get this right and we must be prepared to change our minds as the evidence changs and you cannot go in with a fixed plan that is immutable. 

Q: When it comes to individuals who fall seriouslyu ill are you learning more about what works and brings them back to full health?

A: It looks like there are 2 phases to this illness. A 7 day mild viral phase and for most people that’s it. For a small number of people there is a second phase which starts after about 5 days which seems to be a reaction of the body to the virus. So then that illness is a reaction of the body to what was the viral infection. .. It’s about supportive care, oxygen therapy, ventilation in the most critically ill.

Monolingual Democracy

“In the UK, people cannot read most of the foreign press, so they are easy to influence by super-rich owners of newspapers and other media. Now that we are living in Belgium again, with a few shorts visits to the UK each year, it is very noticeable how narrow the information input is in the UK in comparison to that in Belgium, where everyone who has had an education can read two, three or more languages and can follow the news of neighbouring countries.”

M Turner-Prins, 2020

Colorless Green Ideas

It can only be the thought of verdure to come, which prompts us in the autumn to buy these dormant white lumps of vegetable matter covered by a brown papery skin, and lovingly to plant them and care for them. It is a marvel to me that under this cover they are laboring unseen at such a rate within to give us the sudden awesome beauty of spring flowering bulbs. While winter reigns the earth reposes but these colorless green ideas sleep furiously.

C. M. Street

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorless_green_ideas_sleep_furiously#Attempts_at_meaningful_interpretations